Whether it’s about web development or mobile solution, the selection of the right technology is always a tough job.
Being a software solution provider company, we always keen to help businesses out there by providing detailed insights on different technologies like Node.js vs. Python. This helps you to choose the right one technology stack for your aspired digital solution.
In the React vs Angular post, we have explained the technologies inside out so you can get a profound understanding of both.
Certainly, suggesting and selecting technology is the developers’ job. Also, it’s a quite tricky decision to make as it depends on the project requirement. But, with a little background of technologies, you can judge developers’ decisions and question them. Ultimately you are going to invest your hard-earned money to bring your dream project to life.
Here’re the key points that you are going to explore in React vs Angular.
Table of Content
- What is React?
- What is Angular?
- React vs. Angular: an overview
- React vs. Angular: benefits offered by the platforms
- React vs. Angular: key differentiators
- React JS vs. Angular: a detained comparison
- When to consider React for app development?
- When to select Angular for app development?
- React vs. Angular: which one is popular amongst big brands?
- React vs. Angular: popular use cases
- React vs. Angular: which one holds a brighter future?
Are you ready to delve into all the aspects of React and Angular?
Let’s start over.
What is React?
It helps software engineers to develop the app UI from scratch by offering a wide range of React libraries that starts from the collection of individual UI features to complete React.js.
React in the MVC Model
Developers can use React as a base in the development of single-page applications (web applications or websites), mobile applications, and native rendered apps.
The component-based library is responsible only for the application’s view layer in Model View Controller (MVC) architecture. The view layer focuses on the look and feel of your application front-end where the user interacts.
What is Angular?
Don’t be confused between Angular and AngularJS. They both are different.
AngularJS is an older and different framework while Angular is a highly advanced framework. Angular is also known as Angular 2.
Angular is a typescript based open source web development framework. It was released on 14th September 2016 by Google.
Powered by Google, the community of individuals, and corporations, it allows to develop web, mobile, and native desktop-based application. Whereas AngularJS does not support mobile development.
Angular 2 is used as an umbrella term for all the versions released after AngularJS. Google has released Angular 2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, and 10 (Angular 10 was released on June 24, 2020).
Angular MVC Model
Unlike React, Angular 2 utilizes each component of the MVC model.
Angular 2 has a component-based architecture. So, at first sight, it seems like it has no connection with the MVC architecture.
Well, it does follow the MVC model, but not directly. Let’s understand MVC in Angular 2.
Model: The Model will mostly be your services, which can be accessed through your controller.
View: All the HTML and CSS files that create the layout, where the user interacts, is considered as the View.
Controller: All the components and directives in Angular 2 are considered as controllers.
React vs Angular: An Overview
|Release Date||May 29, 2013||September 14, 2016|
|Type||Open Source JS Library||Fully-featured MVC Framework|
|Latest Stable Release||React 16.13.1|
(March 19, 2020)
(30 July 2020)
|Support From||Facebook & Community||Google & Community|
|Architecture||Component Based||Component Based|
|DOM||Virtual DOM||Real DOM|
|Rendering||Client /Server Side||Client /Server Side|
|App Size||Relatively Small||Relatively Small|
|Data Binding||Unidirectional (One-way)||Bidirectional (Two-way)|
|Template||JSX + JS (ES5 & Beyond)||HTML + Typescript|
React vs Angular: Benefits Offered by Both Platforms
|Better User Experience||Cleaner Code|
|Quick Development||Material Design like Interface|
|Code Stability||Better Error Handling|
|Faster Testing||Higher Performance|
|Time Saving||Seamless Updates through CLI|
React vs Angular: Benefits Offered by React and Angular
Benefits of React
Better User Experience
It becomes easy for the React developers to update and implement changes performed by the users in the application. They can make the required modification in the code without affecting the other parts of the Interface.
It results in developing a highly interactive, dynamic, and intuitive UI with the exquisite experience.
Allowing developers to reuse the existing code rather than creating the new one for the same feature or functionality, React helps accelerate the app development speed. Additionally, programmers can apply hot reloading into the process to improve app performance.
React ensures the parent entity does not get disturbed due to the changes of the child entity by allowing the developers to work directly with the components and execute the downward data binding. Considering the code stability with unidirectional, developers can not only create stable code but also supports the idea of development in the future.
Leveraging the Redux, React eliminates the challenges of storing and managing the component states in complex and large-sized applications with enormous dynamic applications.
Software engineers can add application state in a single object. React empowers every component of the application by allowing to access the app state without using a callback or involving child components.
Using Redux or other such tools, it becomes easy for developers to log data changes and test the application along with the hot reloading.
React allows developers to reuse the code components at any point in time at distinct levels. These components are separated from each other. Thus, when you make changes in a component, it does not affect another one. This makes it easier for developers to manage the updates. React boosts efficiency and saves time of developers by offering code reusability.
Benefits of Angular
Material Design like Interface
Leverage the pre-built material design components offed by Angular to create layouts, form controls, navigation elements, data tables, and pop-ups. Using Angular, mobile app developers can easily over from the challenge of Google Material Design’s impact on mobile app designing. They can design engaging digital solutions that users love to use for a long time.
Using Angular for the app development, coders can write clean and error-free code that ensures the high quality of the code.
Cleaner code is the prime requirement of enterprise app development as it’s a large scale software solution. If there will be an error in the code, then it will be a tough job to find it and solve it.
Better Error Handling
The latest versions of Angular allow developers to identify the bugs in the application and fix them on an ongoing basis. By solving the coding error quickly, developers can save a lot of time.
Compared to AngularJS, Angular has a better hierarchical dependency injection. This makes each class separate from each other with no dependency on each other. The classes utilize external resources to build an Angular mobile app with higher performance.
Angular uses CLI (Command Line Interface) that is easy to install and use. It is a user-friendly interface that enables developers with simpler commands and innovative testing tools. It is supported by varying platforms and developers. This makes it possible to update the components that are having third party dependency.
I guess you have enough understanding of the benefits offered by React and Angular. This will help you to make the best choice for your next application.
Now, let’s get into the detailed comparison of React and Angular.
React vs. Angular: Key Differentiators
This is just a trailer of the movie coming up next on React vs. Angular.
Now, it’s time to explore each major and minor factors that helps you to understand the difference between React and Angular.
React vs. Angular: A Detailed Comparison
1. UI Components
UI components are one of the key differences in React vs. Angular.
React consists of varied UI tools that are developed by its community. You can choose the right set of components from the number of paid and free UI components available in the React Portal.
Angular comes with various pre-built components of material design and a built-in material technology stack. Due to this, the UI configuration in Angular becomes extremely simple and fast.
React vs. Angular Result for UI Components
Angular wins. (As Angular provides quicker and easier configuration of UI components than React.)
2. Development Speed and Productivity
In React, the development productivity and speed get affected by the third-party libraries. It is very important for React developers to define the right architecture with the right set of tools. When it comes to React mobile apps, the toolkit varies as per the project requirements.
Make sure to hand over the product to experienced developers. This may cost you high but it improves time-to-market of your application by saving a lot of time and effort.
Angular CLI improves the development experience tremendously. It helps in creating a workspace and designing functioning applications quickly and seamlessly. CLI produces services and components with online commands. It has a built-in process and clean coding feature of TypeScript to solve comprehensive problems.
React vs. Angular Result for Development Productivity and Speed
Angular wins. (As Angular provides better development speed and productivity than React.)
3. Document Object Model (DOM)
React uses Virtual DOM for app development to allow the app development companies to track and update the required changes. It allows developers to apply the changes without affecting the other parts of the DOM tree.
Unlike React, Angular uses real DOM. Thus, if you change or alter a single section of DOM, the whole tree data structure gets updated.
React vs. Angular Result for Document Object Model
React wins. (As Virtual DOM is considered faster than real DOM.)
React-based applications call for additional libraries inclusion like
- Redux is used for state management
- Helmet interacts with the API
- React Router optimizes the process of routing
On the other hand, Angular is a full-fledged software development framework that does not require integration of any library. Using Angular package, developers can implement every function.
React vs. Angular Result for Self-sufficiency
Angular wins. (As Angular allows developers to build applications without requiring the support of any library.)
Both technologies offer a wide variety of tools set for developers to build the high-performance digital solution faster.
|Code editing||Visual Studio, Sublime Text, and Atom|
|Project setup||Create React App (CLI)|
|Server-side rendering||Next.js framework|
|Testing||Multiple tools are utilized to test different elements|
Read more about the React tools on Best React Developer Tools (to Speed Up React Development)
|Code editing||Visual Studio, Aptana and Sublime Text|
|Project setup||Angular CLI|
|Server-side rendering||Angular Universal|
|Testing||Jasmine, Protractor, Karma|
Angular can be tasted by only one tool that could be either Jasmine or Protractor or Karma.
Testing is considered as one of the noteworthy advantages of selecting Angular over React.
To learn about the different Angular tools, visit Top AngularJs Development Tools You Need to Know
React vs. Angular Result for Toolset
Angular wins. (As Angular allows to test the applications using a single testing tool. React uses multiple tools for app testing.)
Both React and Angular has a component-based architecture that ensures they have reusable, cohesive, and modular components. But, the main difference between React and Angular architecture is their technology stack.
React vs. Angular Result for Architecture
Angular wins. (As Angular uses more efficient architecture than React.)
7. Directives and Templates
In React, directives and templates are described at the end of every component. It helps readers to get a better understanding of what the code means without knowing its syntax.
In Angular, the syntax of directives is complex and sophisticated and the templates are returned with attributes. This makes Angular an incomprehensible technology for new developers.
React vs. Angular Result for Directives and Templates
React wins. (As React directives are easy to understand for developers compared to Angular directives.)
React vs. Angular Result for Languages
9. State Management
An application utilizes states in multiple instances. The app UI is described by a component at any given point in time. Later on, when the data changes, the framework re-renders the entire component UI. This process ensures that the application data is updated.
Each component of React has its own state. Developers need to create special components for holding the state of the whole application or a specific part of the app.
The major drawback of React is the global state requires to be stored in multiple different parts of the app with data being passed around varied component tree levels.
To solve this problem, React uses the Redux library to present the global states as a single stateful object which is altered in different parts of the app using the special functions of Redux.
React also uses MobX as another solution for state management. It allows for storing the minimal required state while the rest of the states can be derived.
Angular stores the component data in component properties. Parent components pass the data through child components. When the state changes in some parts of the app, it can be identified and recalculated.
But in the larger applications, it can cause a multi-directional tree series of updates. Thus, it will be difficult to track state changes.
To address this challenge, Angular uses different libraries such as NgRx and RxJS. These libraries ensure immutable data structure and one-way data flow.
React vs. Angular Result for State Management
Both Angular and React wins. (As both the technologies use libraries for effective state management.)
Image Credit: trends.google.com
The above graph of Google Trends depicts that React is searched by more users than Angular. On the other hand, people show more interest in Angular while they approach software development companies as the ample of ready to use solutions available in Angular.
Both technologies are still in an evolving phase so there are chances of major changes in the current popularity of React and Angular in the upcoming time.
But, as of now, the answer to React vs. Angular popularity is both the technologies are popular across the users.
React vs. Angular Result for Popularity
Both React and Angular win. (As per the current situation.)
11. Freedom and Flexibility
Consideration of flexibility is very essential when we talk about React vs. Angular. Let’s get insight on which platform gives you more freedom for app development.
Using React, you can leverage the freedom to select the architecture, tools, and libraries of your choice while developing an app. You can build highly customized applications using the technology as well as develop and integrate the features you want. All you need is to hire an excellent React development team.
Compared to React, Angular offers limited flexibility and freedom. For instance, let’s talk about Angular 7, the latest version of Angular IO. It allows developers to embed code in HTML based applications and use Angular components within other frameworks.
React vs. Angular Result for Flexibility
React wins. (As React offers better flexibility and freedom than Angular.)
React offers a simple way to create component trees. The library of React comes with functional programming in which component definitions are declarative. Also, it chooses different architectures.
Moreover, React codes are logically structured and readable. Thus, developers do not need to write code in a specific way.
On the other hand, Angular has an extremely complex and fix structure in terms of architecture as it utilizes all three layers of the MVC model: Model, View, and Controller.
Angular allows developers to break down the app’s code in different files. Thus, it allows programmers to reuse the components and templates in different parts of the application.
React vs. Angular Result for Componentization
Both React and Angular win. (As React enables developers to create a component tree in a simple way while Angular allows to reuse the components throughout the app as and when required.)
13. App Performance
React uses Fiber and Virtual DOM for app development. Thus, it seems quite similar to Angular.
However, the latest versions of Angular like Angular 7 have come up with elements and features like ShadowAPI.
Due to such features, the competition amongst the two frameworks becomes stronger. Thus, both technologies are providing almost equal app performance.
React vs. Angular Result for App Performance
Both React and Angular win. (As none of the framework falling down when it comes to app performance.)
When we talk about documentation in React development, the framework provides regular updates but insights from the earlier version of the document are still valuable to the developers.
The documentation in Angular is slower due to ongoing development. Also, most of the tutorials and documents are in AngularJS. Thus, it enables developers with outdated and useless documentation.
React vs. Angular Result Documentation
React wins. (As React documentation is more reliable and useful to the developers.)
15. Data Binding
This can be considered as the most essential factor when we discuss React vs. Angular as it impacts your decision significantly.
React offers one-way data binding so UI elements of the app can be changed only after changing the model state. Without updating the corresponding model state, developers cannot alter the UI elements.
Angular provides a two-way data binding approach for mobile app development. This approach ensures that when any change is made in the UI element, the model state changes automatically, and vice versa.
React vs. Angular Result for Data Binding
React wins (As React’s one-way data binding enables developers with a streamlined and better data overview in the case of large scale app development while Angular’s two-way data binding approach is effective and easier.)
In React app development, developers need to use a set of tools to perform app testing such as
- React-unit for unit testing
- Unexpected-React and Enzyme for component testing
- Skin-deep for Render testing utils
The more tools developers need to use, the more time and effort they require to perform the app testing.
With Angular, testing and debugging of the entire project is possible using a single tool like Karma, Jasmin, and Protractor. Thus, it required less time to perform testing for Angular applications.
React vs. Angular Result for Testing
Angular wins. (As Angular allows to perform app testing in an effortless way.)
17. Mobile Solutions
Angular provides the Ionic framework for mobile app development that consists of a UI component library and a Cordova container. When you view Ionic based applications on different devices, it looks like a web inside a native web app container.
React vs. Angular Result for Mobile Solutions
React wins. (As React delivers the native experience for the mobile app.)
18. Ease of Update
React allows for the seamless transition of data between two versions. However, the front-end library of the framework highly relies on the external library so the update and migration of third-party components become easier.
Angular uses CLI that consists of commands like ng_update. With this command, it becomes quite easy to upgrade the app to the latest Angular version. This makes Angular app development seamless and less painful. Infect, most of the updating process of the framework is automated.
React vs. Angular Result for Ease of Update
Angular wins. (As the automated updates of Angular require less time and efforts of developers and make the app development faster.)
19. Community Support
Image Credit: StackOverflow
React has a larger community than Angular on GitLab and GitHub. If we consider the 2020 StackOverflow Developer Survey, the % if developers working with React are higher than those who are working with Angular. Angular may have less (than React) but quite strong community support.
React vs. Angular Result for Community Support
React wins. (As React is supported by a wider developer community.)
React is slightly less scalable compared to Angular but certainly more scalable compared to other frameworks such as Vue JS.
Angular is easier to scale because of its powerful CLI and intuitive design.
React vs. Angular for Scalability
Angular wins. (As Angular is highly scalable compared to React.)
In React, one needs to add external component libraries to get the same number of features. Routing will become a necessary element to force unidirectional flows, set up tests, manage dependencies, call APIs, and more.
Angular offers a large number of native features and options. So developers do not need support from external libraries.
React vs. Angular Result for Implementation
Angular wins. (As starting a project in Angular is easier compared to React.)
22. Learning Curve
Image Source: academind.com
Though the framework rolls out the updates frequently, these resources deliver greater value to the developers.
Compared to React, Angular has a steep learning curve. Angular is one of the highly popular frameworks developed by Google that offers multiple ways to address a particular problem. It demands familiarity with varied concepts and languages such as TypeScript, RxJS, templates, dependency injection, pipes, and more.
Also, the Angular framework is evolving constantly. Thus, developers have to constantly look into the latest updates in the Angular ecosystem and keep upgrading their skills accordingly.
React vs. Angular Result for Learning Curve
React wins. (As learning React is quite easier than learning Angular.)
23. Dependency Injection
It is a software design pattern that helps in making components reusable, testable, and maintainable.
The dependency injection is missing in React. Here, it is done with the inclusion of modules such as RequireJS, Browserify, and more.
Angular automatically gets the appropriate objects with parameters.
React vs. Angular Result for Dependency Injection
Angular wins. (As the dependency injection is not available in React.)
24. Backward Compatibility
It is very essential for developers to check the possibility of adding new libraries and modules to update the architecture while considering technology for application development.
React is a library. Thus, it offers full backward compatibility. You can update the old libraries as well as add the different releases of the libraries to the application.
Are you planning for step-by-step project enhancement by adding new features? Then, React is the best fit for your project as it enables you with absolute backward compatibility.
If your current application is developed using Angular 2.0 and you need to update it to 8.0, Angular cannot allow you to jump from Angular 2.0 to 8.0. You need to install the versions that fall in-between one-by-one along with their respective updates.
React vs. Angular Result for Backward Compatibility
React wins. (As React has the capability of full backward compatibility.)
25. Bundle Size
Bundle size matters a lot for you and your business. The smaller is the file, the faster it loads. And, a fast-loading application ranks higher on the search engines and eventually increases the conversion rate.
React offers 97.5kb file size (React 16.2.0 + React DOM). Being smaller in size, React-based applications load faster.
Angular contains 766kb file size (Angular 2 + Rx). It is quite bigger compared to React. Thus, Angular apps take longer load time and performance on mobile.
React vs. Angular Result for Bundle Size
React wins. (As React offers smaller bundle size than Angular.)
When to Consider React for App Development?
You can consider React for your app development project when
- Components are required to be shared across multiple applications as the development of the project expands.
- You need a highly customized app that delivers a specific solution.
- You want to use several components with different and often variable states such as user login and access permissions, active/inactive navigation items, buttons enabled/disabled, dynamic inputs, etc. in the app development process.
- You want to consider pre-development preparation.
When to Opt Angular for App Development?
Angular is the right fit for your project when
- The app complexity lies from medium to low level
- You want to build large scale applications that consist of a lot of features, functionality, modules, etc.
- You want to embrace Bundle Budgets in the CLI option. Based on the pre-decided value, it informs developers when the app bundle size exceeds. In simple language, if you want to regulate your app size, you can choose Angular for your project.
- You need higher productivity and embrace ready-to-use solutions.
- Your team has proven expertise in C#, Java, and earlier versions of Angular.
React vs. Angular: Which One is Popular amongst Big Brands?
The world’s leading brands have used React and Angular to build different business solutions. Here you go to unlock the fan base of both the technologies.
React vs. Angular: Popular Use Cases
React Use Cases
The New York Times
The New York Times has recently designed a digital solution where they display different appearances of celebrities on Oscar red carpet. The solution is developed using the React. It allows users to apply filters and find pictures of their preference.
Netflix, the highly used media streaming platform, uses ReactJS to deliver better performance on the low-performance devices. Using React libraries, Netflix has leveraged increased startup speed, modularization, and improved runtime performance.
Angular Use Cases
PayPal is one of the most popular and widely used payment gateways in the world. They have used Angular to develop the PayPal checkout system that contains crucial features such as adding credit card pages, payment review page, etc.
To build such features, it is very essential to address a high level of security concerns with smooth functionalities. Using Angular, PayPal has developed a secured digital solution that is reliable and works seamlessly.
Localytics is the renowned tool used by big brands such as HBO, Microsoft, The New York Times, and more. They have used Angular for feature enhancement and UI improvement.
They have created a standalone identity by harnessing the UI suite of Angular. The framework has reduced the amount of code required to keep the application functional.
React vs. Angular: Which One Holds a Brighter Future?
If analyzed correctly, both the technologies are continuously growing and there are no chances any one of them goes out of the picture until 2025.
On the other hand, the success and popularity graph of Angular is also achieving new heights. And, it is expected this will reach to the next level with the release of the latest Angular versions.
I hope this post helps you in making the right and perfect choice for your next mobile and web app development project. If you find it difficult to decide which one is better for you from React and Angular, connect with our experts who understand your project requirements and suggest the best fit from both the frameworks.
Frequently Asked Questions on React vs Angular
Which is better React or Angular?
In React vs. Angular, when you make any changes in UI elements, the model state changes automatically, and vice-versa. Angular’s approach for this is effective and easier. On the other hand, React provides a streamlined and better data overview for large scale applications. Thus, React is better than Angular.
What is the difference between Angular and React?
Is React faster than Angular?
The bundle size of the React is considerably smaller than the bundle size of Angular. Also, virtual DOM performed faster than real DOM. Thus, React provides faster performance than Angular.
Is Angular dying because of React?