How to Define a Tech-stack for your Enterprise App? (Updated)
Working as a software consultant, my job is not limited to delivering the best business solutions to clients. I need to inform them which technologies we are going to consider as a tech stack of their enterprise mobile app and why as they see technology as a multi-headed hydra.
As per my experience, selection of the right technology stack defines the success of the mobility solution. It ensures on-time project completion and robust app performance and scalability. Especially, when you are developing an enterprise mobile app, time is a crucial element. Choosing the right mixture of tools and technologies is important for mobile app development to generate expected output.
What Is Enterprise Tech Stack?
While developing an enterprise mobility solution, you need to pick the right combination of hardware and software that delivers a clear value proposition to your business.
Tech Stack Definition
A technology stack involves unique programming languages. Frameworks, and developers tools for enterprise mobility solution development. It does not contain two or three technologies. It requires different technologies to create a design, code, architecture, IT infrastructure, testing, and deployment of your enterprise app.
Mainly, the technologies are divided into two parts: back-end tech stack and front end tech stack. As all the tech-stack related decisions fall into these two broad categories, let’s start with what are the client-side and server-side enterprise tech stack.
Server Side (back-end) Enterprise Tech Stack
Stack Selection LAMP (Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP) Vs MEAN (MongoDB, ExpressJS, AngularJS, Node.js)
Nobody likes slow running Apps. According to several benchmarks, Node.js is faster than PHP, and its event-driven architecture can significantly improve your app’s performance and user experience. Having said that, not every enterprise would find it prudent to recode everything in the new framework. LAMP is still reliable and can continue to support your enterprise App expansion strategies.
Client-Side (front-end) Enterprise Technology Stack
Selection between Native, Hybrid, and Progressive Web App
Developing enterprise mobile apps for multiple platforms and channels is not an easy task. However, technology is gradually consolidating with increased mobile cross-platform development support and integration. Nonetheless, you might have to select between Native, Hybrid, and Progressive Web Apps depending on your business requirement.
|Native Apps||Hybrid Apps||Progressive Web Apps|
|iOS Technology Stack|
Toolkit: Apple Xcode, IntelliJ AppCode (iOS),
Android Apps (Java)
ToolKit: Android Studio, Android Developer Tools for Eclipse
Advantages of Native Enterprise App Development
- High performing applications
- Interactive and intuitive interface
- High-end security
- Exceptional user experience
- Puch capabilities
- Offline access
- Flexible data synchronization
Advantages of Hybrid Enterprise App Development
- Native like experience
- Offline support
- Hassle-free integration
- Multi-platform support
- Attractive UI/UX
- Easy to Maintain
- Improved time-to-market
Advantages of Progressive Web App Development
- Accessible in offline mode
- Zero loading time
- Low data usage
- No updates required
- Lower development cost
- Cross-browser and cross-device compatibility
Decisions based on Non-Functional Requirements Enterprise Stack
Businesses often rely on their technology partner for mobile application development projects. It is true that the technical experts have the maximum amount of information on your enterprise systems and the underlying technology challenges.
However, it is also possible that the person would make most of the decisions based on his/her comfort with a particular technology. These decisions might or might not serve your business needs. To ensure that the enterprise technology stack supports your business goals effectively you might have to consider the following:
It is possible to make your app function without net connectivity if you are developing a Native App. Though the same is also possible with HTML-5, the in-browser caching has its limitations.
It’s also important to evaluate and define how you would like your app to behave in low bandwidth and high latency networks. This will involve defining clear SLAs for response time, processing time and acceptable query time.
Content Delivery Network (CDN)
Consider, for example, if your website is hosted in San Francisco, and a user is visiting your page in Singapore, then each request obviously has to traverse a long distance. This can increase the load time on mobile by 2-3 seconds – which can be long enough for a mobile user to leave your page.
A CDN caches static resources in distributed server nodes which is geographically closer to your users and ensures faster response & downloads. While a CDN is the most effective solution for most B2C websites seeking speed enhancement, it is also effective for mobile users.
Mobile apps are inherently vulnerable to data caching. That’s why if you are creating a mobile App with access to critical resources, you might consider enabling password or pin-based access to the app.
Well, it’s not a popular security measure, but you will find it invariably on all payments and banking applications. Further, you may want to disable application access over insecure public networks or allow VPN only access to your enterprise resources.
Mobile Application Development Platform (MADP) Selection
To meet the ever-increasing demand for mobile application development, unification, and governance, enterprises are turning towards MADPs which now offer a host of low code development features. Though not exactly a part of the tech stack, selection of a right MADP can significantly boost your application development work. MADPs can be evaluated on the basis of:
- Integrated Development Environment – features for multi-platform (devices and OSs) and multichannel (web, apps, wearables) development
- Support for core mobile back-end services such as geolocation services, push notifications, offline synchronization, authentication, certificate/token management, etc.
- Ease of integration with back-end systems, database, and APIs
- Lifecycle management – tools for the mobile application architecture design and development, testing, deployment, and support
Credencys Solutions Inc has a team of skilled mobile app developers who have delivered quality enterprise mobility solutions to the Fortune 500 company. Connect with our technology experts to discuss your app idea, get consultation about your mobile strategy, and develop enterprise mobile app for multiple platforms.
Frequently Asked Questions
How is technology stack defined?
The technology stack is a combination of programming languages and software products that are used in the development of the enterprise mobility solution. The enterprise technology stack is basically divided into two different categories: Client-Side (front end) and Server-Side (back end).
What is an app stack?
The enterprise technology stack is the set of programming languages, frameworks, architecture, database, server, developer tools that perform certain functions in the app. There are several office applications that involve spreadsheets, word processing, email, database, and other utilities in a single application stack.
What are the different tech stacks?
- Frameworks (Swift, Objective-C, Ruby on Rails, Flask, Django, etc.)
- Databases (MongoDB, MySQL, etc.)
- Server providers (Nginx, Apache, etc.)
What technology is used to develop mobile apps?
- Programming languages: Swift, C++, Java, HTML5, & PHP
- Frameworks: Flutter, React Native, Ionic, Xmerin,