React is one of the most preferred frameworks when it comes to building single-page web applications. Since most of the websites are not SPA, one of the USPs of React dies here.
One of the biggest problems while choosing the alternatives to React JS is to find a framework that offers flexibility and easiness as React. At times, developers get so much attached to the framework that they don’t want to leave it.
However, choosing the right alternatives to React JS can be difficult. You need to consider several points such as stability, support of the ecosystem, API, performance, and package size.
Ideal Alternatives to React JS would…
- Supply a slim compatible layer, which can be used for your running React JS development project.
- Have an API compatible with React, which means you can replace React DOM with any import that the library provides.
- Support JSX. Most alternatives to React JS do not support PropTypes, which is okay for most of the projects.
Alternatives to React JS
#1 Inferno JS
It supports hyperscript, JSX, and Vanilla createElement method. Moreover, it provides support for several popular state management libraries such as Redux, MobX, and Cerebral JS.
If you’re looking forward to building a high performing web app, then Inferno will be an amazing choice for you since it specializes in performance.
Clocked at 3k gzipped, Preact can be an excellent choice to build websites if performance is not the most profound concern for you. It is one of the smallest alternatives to React JS out there.
It supports most of the modern-day browsers and IE9+. However, if you’re looking forward to a library that supports Facebook synthetic events system, then this is not the right choice.
Preact offers several other features nifty features such as the rendering of both props and states, linked state, and the utilization of ‘class’ instead of className.
The sole reason to create this library was to introduce the lighter version of React JS. Unlike Inferno and Preact, there is no compatibility package require. One can use it directly via webpack alias.
Its compatibility level with other React components is much greater than the other two frameworks mentioned above. However, it is neither the fastest nor the smallest among all libraries.
Neither does it supports server-side rendering, nor does it supports client-side hydration. Despite using React DOM servers for those functions, developers haven’t seen any seamless transitions.
#4 Backbone JS
Backbone JS offers a structure to JS heavy applications by providing models with value-binding and custom events, collections with a rich API of various functions, views with declarative event handling, and connects all of them with your existing apps over a RESTful JSON interface.
Aurelia is written using ES2016. Without any external dependencies except polyfills, it seamlessly integrates with web components.
Aurelia is made of smaller and more focused environments rather than following the monolithic framework approach. You can create applications using all or selected modules.
It also offers two-way data binding to any object. Its extensible HTML compiler allows you to create custom HTML elements, control template generation, and attach new behaviors to the existing HTML elements.
#6 Ember JS
Ember’s handlebars integrated templates allow you to do more by writing less code. This template updates automatically when the underlying data changes.
It is designed to increase the productivity of a developer. It is API-friendly and helps one to enhance the development speed since it incorporates all the common idioms.
#7 Riot JS
Riot JS allows us to create user interfaces with custom tags using simple and intriguing syntax. It also has a virtual DOM which is similar yet faster than React.
If you’re looking for a small-sized UI library, then Riot is the right choice for you. It’s custom tags let you build complex views using HTML. Moreover, it does not require any extra HTML root elements, fancy custom attributes, or data attributes.
Mithril is a modern-day client-side JS framework for developing Single Page Applications. It is fast, small (less than10kb gzip), and offers routing and XHR utilities out-of-the-box.
So, how would you choose the most appropriate alternatives to React JS for your web application? The answer depends on your priority.
If you’re developing a full-fledge SPA or single page application, then you might require a stable and growing library like React. However, if the performance of the application is your biggest concern, then Inferno or Preact can be a better choice for you.
1) Is Angular better than React?
2) Should I use React JS?
If you’re planning to build a single page application or you’re planning to scale your existing web application, then React is the ideal choice for you.
3) Why Vue JS better than React?
Both Vue and React have tools that help you build interactive user interfaces. However, because of its simple templating syntax and use of components, migrating or integrating existing projects to Vue is faster and smoother.
4) Is Preact better than React?
Preact stands for performance-optimized React. It is highly compatible with React and is used whenever there is a need to enhance the performance of an existing React application.